How Are Cavities Caused and How Can You Avoid Them?

How Are Cavities Caused and How Can You Avoid Them?

Most adults have experienced at least one dental cavity. Cavities are caused due to damage to the tooth enamel and the resulting tooth decay. Cavities can be different types, the most common being the coronal cavity that occurs in between the teeth or on chewing surfaces. Root cavities are often the result of aging when the gums recede and expose the tooth’s root. Left untreated, these cavities can cause an abscess or an infection at the root tip. In such cases, a root canal treatment or a tooth extraction is the only solution.

Causes of Cavities

Cavities are caused when bacteria in the mouth turns the food particles (left in your mouth) into acids. The combination of the acid, food debris, saliva and bad bacteria creates plaque that destroys the teeth’s enamel.

Symptoms of Cavities

Some cavities may be obvious but only a dentist can see accurately where and how severe a cavity is, because cavities develop beneath the surface of your teeth. During your regular visits to your dentist, s/he will examine your teeth for cavities and advise appropriate treatment.

Prevention of Cavities

The best prevention tip is to practice good oral hygiene and consume a healthy diet, low on sugars, salt, and carbs. Other easy ways to prevent cavities include –

  • Brush your teeth at least twice a day but not immediately after meals. Keep a gap of at least after half an hour between your meals and brushing your teeth.
  • Floss once a day.
  • Use fluoride toothpaste and mouthwash.
  • Regular dentist visits and checkups are a must.
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